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Cool student . practical person luv 2 make friends ... I graduated BE in Electronics& Instrumentation . . Actually im an entertainment adict love to watch more movies again and again also love to hear songs .

Tuesday, September 11, 2012

Leopard-Quickest of Forests

Beauty Of Animal | Leopard  | The leopard, Panthera pardus, is a member of the Felidae family and the smallest of the four "big cats" in the genus Panthera, the other three being the tiger, lion, and jaguar. The leopard was once distributed across eastern and southern Asia and Africa, from Siberia to South Africa, but its range of distribution has decreased radically because of hunting and loss of habitat. It is now chiefly found in sub-Saharan Africa; there are also fragmented populations in the Indian subcontinent, Sri Lanka, Indochina, Malaysia, Indonesia, and China.
The species' success in the wild is in part due to its opportunistic hunting behavior, its adaptability to habitats, its ability to run at speeds approaching 58 kilometres per hour (36 mph), its unequaled ability to climb trees even when carrying a heavy carcass, and its notorious ability for stealth. The leopard consumes virtually any animal that it can hunt down and catch. Its habitat ranges from rainforest to desert terrains.
Physical characteristics
Leopards are agile and stealthy predators. Although smaller than other members of the Panthera genus, they are able to take large prey due to their massive skulls that facilitate powerful jaw muscles. Head and body length is between 95 and 165 cm (37 and 65 in), and the tail reaches 60 to 110 cm (24 to 43 in). Shoulder height is 45 to 80 cm (18 to 31 in). The muscles attached to the scapula are exceptionally strong, which enhance their ability to climb trees. They are very diverse in size. Males are about 30% larger than females, weighing 30 to 91 kg (66 to 200 lb) compared to 23 to 60 kg (51 to 130 lb) for females. Large males of up to 91 kg (200 lb) have been documented in Kruger National Park in South Africa; however, males in the South Africa's coastal mountains average 31 kg (68 lb) and the females from the desert-edge in Somalia average 23 to 27 kg (51 to 60 lb).
Scientific classification
Kingdom:     Animalia
Phylum:     Chordata
Class:         Mammalia
Order:         Carnivora
Family:         Felidae
Genus:         Panthera
Species:     P. pardus

Taxonomy and evolution

Like all of the feline family, the Panthera genus has been subject to much alteration and debate, and the exact relations between the four species as well as the clouded leopard and snow leopard have not been effectively resolved. Carl Linnaeus placed leopards under the genus Felis as the binominal Felis pardus. In the 18th and 19th centuries, most naturalists and taxonomists followed his example. In 1816, Lorenz Oken proposed a definition of the genus Panthera, with a subgenus Panthera using Linnaeus’ Felis pardus as a type specimen. But most disagreed with his definition, and until the beginning of the 20th century continued using Felis or Leopardus when describing leopard subspecies. In 1916, Reginald Innes Pocock accorded Panthera generic rank defining Panthera pardus as species.
It is believed that the basal divergence amongst the Felidae family occurred about 11 million years ago. The last common ancestor of the lion, tiger, leopard, jaguar, snow leopard, and clouded leopard is believed to have occurred about 6.37 million years ago. Panthera is believed to have emerged in Asia, with ancestors of the leopard and other cats subsequently migrating into Africa. The researchers suggest that the snow leopard is most closely aligned with the tiger, whereas the leopard possibly has diverged from the Panthera lineage subsequent to these two species, but before the lion and jaguar. Fossils of early leopard ancestors have been found in East Africa and South Asia from the Pleistocene of 2 to 3.5 Ma. The modern leopard is suggested to have evolved in Africa 470,000–825,000 years ago and radiated across Asia 170,000–300,000 years ago.
Distribution and habitat
Leopards have the largest distribution of any wild cat, occurring widely in eastern and central Africa, although populations have shown a declining trend and are fragmented outside of sub-Saharan Africa. Within sub-Saharan Africa, the species is still numerous and even thriving in marginal habitats where other large cats have disappeared. But populations in North Africa may be extinct. Leopards live mainly in grasslands, woodlands, and riverine forests. They are usually associated with savanna and rainforest, but leopards are exceptionally adaptable: in the Russian Far East, they inhabit temperate forests where winter temperatures reach a low of −25 °C (−13 °F).

Ecology and behavior

Leopards are elusive, solitary and largely nocturnal. They have primarily been studied in open savanna habitats, which may have biased common descriptions. Activity level varies depending on the habitat and the type of prey that they hunt. Radio-tracking and scat analysis in West Africa showed that rainforest leopards are more likely to be diurnal and crepuscular. Forest leopards are also more specialized in prey selection and exhibit seasonal differences in activity patterns.
Leopards are known for their ability in climbing, and have been observed resting on tree branches during the day, dragging their kills up trees and hanging them there, and descending from trees headfirst. They are powerful swimmers, although not as strong as some other big cats, such as the tiger. They are very agile, and can run at over 58 kilometres per hour (36 mph), leap over 6 metres (20 ft) horizontally, and jump up to 3 metres (9.8 ft) vertically. They produce a number of vocalizations, including grunts, roars, growls, meows, and "sawing" sounds

Read more: http://beauty-animal.blogspot.com/2011/11/leopard.html#ixzz267bQJWAw

Monday, September 10, 2012

Top 10 Hindu Temples to visit in india-Best of indian architecture

India is a land of temples; the land of strong religious and spiritual faith encompassed with temples everywhere, from the hills to the shores. Here you’ll find temples in every form whether large monumental structures or little stone buildings, each having their own significance. They deeply influence the lives of the people who consider the temple shrine as a place where they can be close to God. Let’s find out the top ten out of several temples which are definitely a must visit in India.

10. Kashi Vishwanath Temple, Varansi:

Located on the banks of river Ganga in the center of the cultural hub of India, The Kashi Vishwanath Temple is the heart of faith for million of Hindus. This famous temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva and finds mention in Skanda Purana. It enshrines the Jyotirlinga of Shiva, Vishwanatha or Vishweshwara. It is also known as the ‘Golden Temple’ of Uttar Pradesh because of its gold plated 15.5 meter tall spire.
Top 10 temples to visit in India
(img source: templepedia.in)

9. Siddhivinayak Temple, Mumbai:

This famous Ganesha Temple is visited by the rich, the celebrities besides the daily regular visitors. The holy temple has one of the eight manifestation of the Lord Ganesh identified as the “Ashtavinayak”. These eight massive idols of Lord Ganesh are sited in eight different places all over Maharashtra. The Siddhi Vinayak Temple is also believed to be a temple to turn your wishes into reality.
Top 10 temples to visit in India
(img source: en.wikipedia.org)

8. Meenakshi Temple, Madurai:

The Meenakshi temple located in Madurai, Tamil Nadu is one of the most renowned temples of South India. Built in the Dravidian pattern, the temple abodes the wife of Lord Shiva, Meenakshi (Parvati). A shrine devoted to Meenakshi and her consort Shiva, who is lovingly addressed as Sundareswarar, it is believed that this is the place where Lord Vishnu gave the hands of Meenakshi (Parvati) to Lord Shiva. The temple has a hall of 985 pillars which are all richly carved.
Top 10 temples to visit in India
(img source: placeforholidays.com)

7. Sanchi Stupa, Sanchi:

Sanchi Stupas evoke and attract people all around the world. Sanchi, located just 46km from Bhopal is a site for Stupa and pillars. This place is recognized as one of the greatest examples of ancient classical art – the gateways are skillfully carved and depicts images from the life of King Asoka and Lord Buddha. The images engraved on the Stupas and pillars illustrates inspiring stories from the life of Lord Buddha.
Top 10 temples to visit in India
(img source: anmaheshwari.net)

6. Sai Baba Mandir, Shirdi:

Sai Baba is the Saint who lived in the tiny village of Shirdi for sixty years and worked his miracles on all the people who came to visit him. The Mandir (temple) is a shrine and the final resting place of Sai Baba. People have lots of faith and trust in Sai Baba so droves across the country come here to seek Baba’s blessing. Thursday is Sai Baba’s day and there is a huge outpour of disciples in the temple on every Thursday.
Top 10 temples to visit in India
(img source: religiousindia.info)

5. Somnath Temple, Gujarat:

One of the first of 12 Jyotirlingas of Lord Shiva, as per the mythology, it is believed that Somnath temple was built by Soma, the Moon god, in honor of Lord Shiva. Soma built the temple in gold but it was then re-built by Ravana in Silver and later in wood by Lord Krishna. The Somnath Temple was destroyed by successive Muslim invaders and rebuilt each time.
Top 10 temples to visit in India
(img source: esamskriti.com)

4. The Konark Sun Temple, Orissa:

The most prominent wonder of the state of Orissa is the Sun Temple of Konark which was made  in 1250 AD. The Sun temple was made with the objective of enshrining the image of the Sun – the patron divine being of the place. The whole temple is planned in the form of a massive chariot drawn by seven vigorous horses on twelve pairs of gracefully engraved wheels. The sanctum symbolizes the regal parade of the Sun god and also the state’s distinct architectural style.
Top 10 temples to visit in India
(img source: kalingacalling.blogspot.com)

3. Vaishno Devi Mandir, Katra:

Located near Katra in the hills of Jammu Kashmir, Vaisno Devi Mandir is the famous temple of Hindu. Mata Rani or Vaishnavi or Vaishno Devi is the manifestation of the Mother Goddess as per Hinduism. One of the most respected places to worship in India, it is estimated that 8 million pilgrims visit the temple every year. The temple is at a height of 5300 feet and at a distance of 12 km from Katra.
Top 10 temples to visit in India
(img source: mandakinihotels.com)

2. Golden Temple, Amritsar:

The Golden Temple officially the Harmandir Sahib is a Sikh Gurudwara situated in Amritsar in the state of Punjab. The temple has many unique features besides here the devotees have to tread downwards to offer their salutation unlike other temples where the devotees have to scale upwards to offer their homage. The structural design of the Golden temple is measured as the archetype of creativity and dexterity. It also embodies an exclusive harmony between the Hindus and the Muslims.
Top 10 temples to visit in India
(img source: sacredsites.com)

1. Tirumala Venkateswara Temple, Tirupati:

Lord Tirumala Venkateswara temple at Trimula near Tirupati is a prominent temple dating back to the 9th century. It is believed that if you ask for a boon here, it will be granted. The Lord Venkateshwara is said to be an avatar of Lord Vishnu. Many of the people shave their heads off and offer their hair as it is considered auspicious here. The Darshan of the Lord is very difficult and the place is always crowded yet people come from all over the world to pay their tribute to the god even though they barely get to stay in the scared inner chamber.
Top 10 temples to visit in India
(img source: rang7.com)

Wednesday, September 5, 2012

Top 10 Famous Streets in world

Famous streets in the world are so because of the landmarks associated with them. Although roads lead to destinations, not all roads have the authenticity to call themselves “famous”. Be it the famous Louvre in Paris or the Historic Buckingham Palace in London, some roads are lucky to be able to lead the humanity towards some of man’s mind-blowing creations that speak volumes of a culture’s history as well as modernization. But if you want to know how yesterday’s history and today’s modern culture are mixing, then you have to stop by some of the famous streets and boulevards that highlight the rich culture of the location as well as bring to you some of the high end fashion and shopping experiences around the world. Top yaps present to you the Top Ten Famous Streets in the World that ought to be visited once in a lifetime.

10. Abbey Road, London:

Located in the borough of Camden and the City of Westminster, London, Abbey Road is best known for 1969 Beatles album, “The Abbey Road”. The Abbey Road studio is located at the south-eastern end of the Abbey Street and this was where the Beatles recorded most of their fabulous music. The Abbey road is the final album of the Beatles, which features the Beatles walking down the Zebra Cross just outside the studio. The Beatles song as well as this final album cover of theirs has become so famous that even to this day, many tourists come down to Abbey road just to create their own personal Abbey Road album cover, as a tribute to the Beatles.
Top 10 Famous Streets in the World
(img source: londonglossy.com)

9. Road to Giza, Cairo, Egypt:

Giza, a city on its own, houses the famous Egyptian pyramids and hence it is popularly known as the “Pyramids of Giza”. Since Giza holds one of the ancient wonders of the world, the road leading to this amazing place is just as famous. This road is as ancient as the pyramids and tops the oldest known road in the world, linking back to over 4,600 years in history. The road is about 7.5 miles long six and 6.5 feet wide, which can be considered as a pretty wide road during those days since constructing a wide road in the ancient times was quite a challenge without today’s technology. But being in the desert, this road has helped out millions of travellers who journeyed far and wide to get a glimpse of the pyramids.
Top 10 Famous Streets in the World
(img source: oddstuffmagazine.com)

8. Champs-Elysees, Paris:

Famous for its crunchy cafés and special luxury shops, Champs-Elysees is one of the most expensive and beautiful avenues of Paris and the world. This street stretches between the French monuments Arc de Triomphe and Place de la Concorde. The beautiful chestnut tree-lined street was built in 1616 by Marie de Medicis with an intention to create a peaceful and friendly environment. And hence the Greek word Elusia- a place where Heroes can relax after a tough war. Today, this famous street is lined with expensive designer shops and haute couture boutiques where the tourists can indulge in expensive shopping bonanzas. They can also relax and sip espressos or cappuccinos at one of the many cafés lining the pavements. Now, who wouldn’t want to do that right in the middle of the fashion capital?
Top 10 Famous Streets in the World
(img source: paris.france-province.net)

7. Chandni Chowk, Delhi:

Chandni Chowk is one of the largest and oldest wholesale markets of India. The road to Chandni Chowk starts from the Lhori Darwaze or the Lahore Gate of the Red Fort and twists and turns its way towards Fatepuri Masjid. This represents the epitome of crowded, chaotic and busy lives of people walking the paths of this historic street. The streets bustles with activities as various buyers, sellers and wholesale merchants sell spices, sweets, condiments, bridal jewellery and accessories, sarees, slippers and shoes, electronic items and even fire-crackers for festive occasions. All in all, Chandni Chowk may not be as luxurious as the other famous streets around the world but it speaks volumes of India’s traditional past through its veteran infrastructure.
Top 10 Famous Streets in the World
(img source: cityknown.com)

6. Ginza, Tokyo:

Ginza tops the list of most expensive and lavish shopping districts in the world. It’s not exactly a single street as it stretches for over eight blocks. Ginza is famously recognized for segregating the highest number of western shops in Tokyo. Some of the prominent shops that meet the window shopper’s eye are Chanel, Abercrombie & Fitch, Gucci, Dior, Dolce & Gabbana and Louis Vuitton. Hence it makes a living paradise for Tokyo’s fashion victims. So are you up for a shopping spree here? If so, prepare to witness the magic of the vanishing wallet!
Top 10 Famous Streets in the World
(img source: npointercos.jp)

5. Fifth Avenue, New York City:

When you are in NYC and the first name that pops into your head when you hear the word “shopping” is Fifth Avenue. New York’s famous Fifth Avenue is considered as one of the most popular shopping destinations in the world. This famous street stretches from Washington Square to the 143rd Street. So come along and indulge in a ‘shop till you drop’ experience as this is a shopping paradise fit for men and women alike who have an eye for fashion. One can find some of the top branded stores like Bergdorf-Goodman, Louis Vuitton, Prada, Gucci, Dolce & Gabbana and Versace and even the famous Apple store. So ladies and gentlemen, if you want to shop here, be prepared to burn a noticeable hole in your purse and wallets!
Top 10 Famous Streets in the World
(img source: theredpin.com)

4. Wall Street, New York:

Wall Street is an eight block long street that runs downhill from Broadway to the South Street on the East River. This financial district of New York is famous for its history being written over and over. It is also used as a metonym for every American big business and stock marketing and trading. It is called as the home of the New York Stock Exchange. It was named after a wall that the Dutch built in the 17th century after buying the land from the natives. Thus for over a hundred years, Wall Street has been recognized as the world capital of finance in stock exchange and other financial businesses. So hit this street if you are a big businessman a.k.a; a Wall Street material!
Top 10 Famous Streets in the World
(img source: nowpublic.com)

3. Lombard Street, San Francisco:

Fondly known as the “Crookedest” street in the world, the Lombard street stretches between the Hyde and Leavenworth streets in San Francisco. This one-block portion of the Lombard Street consists of eight hair-pin bends that are surrounded by a beautifully maintained garden hedges and flowers. The main idea behind this creation was to reduce the hills natural steep slope. Apart from the hair-pin bends, this street offers a magnificent view of the San Francisco bay and The Rock (where dwells the prison called Alcatraz!). Since the curves and the slopes offer an opening arm for accidental hazards, the speed limit in this section is a mere 5 mph (8 kmph).
Top 10 Famous Streets in the World
(img source: visitingdc.com)

2. Las Vegas Strip, Las Vegas:

Yes, that’s right! We have now arrived at the world’s famous gambling town. The Las Vegas Strip is an approximately 6.8 km stretch of Las Vegas Boulevard South in Clark County, Nevada. Most of the famous casinos are concentrated along the Strip and these gambling joints often have themes that take mere gambling or card playing to the next level. The Strip provides an eye-popping modern infrastructure with its lavish Casino Hotels, where each hotel competes with the other with its luxurious in-house hospitality and attention to detail to provide the tourists an ethereal time of their lives. So if you are at the Strip, make sure you lose some in order to gain a lot more and not the other way round!
Top 10 Famous Streets in the World
(img source: treehugger.com)

1. The Hollywood Walk of Fame, Los Angeles:

Hollywood’s famous star-lit boulevard provides a tribute to all the iconic starlets of Hollywood Film Industry. The streets consists of more than 2,400 five-pointed  brass stars embedded in the sidewalks along with the name and hand prints of all the famous icons all along the fifteen blocks of Hollywood Street and even the three blocks of Vine Street in Hollywood, California. The streets bears the name of a mix generation of actors, musicians, bands, directors, producers, fictional characters and many others who have left their mark behind the screens.
Top 10 Famous Streets in the World
(img source: gogobot.com)